Before you decide which plants to grow in your container garden, start by assessing your available garden pots. Determine which ones need replacement and what new containers you need to acquire.
Practically anything capable of holding soil and water can serve as a plant container but consider both practicality and aesthetics. Larger containers not only provide ample space for a beautiful plant display but also accommodate the necessary soil and water.
When in doubt, opt for larger containers, as they have a more significant visual impact on your garden.
You also want to consider the material of the container, keeping in mind the weight when filled with moist potting soil. If you plan to create an elevated potscape, ensure your balcony or chosen location can support the weight.
Plastic and fiberglass containers are lightweight compared to wood and concrete, although dark-colored plastic can become too hot in the sun, potentially harming some plants. Terra-cotta pots are classic and promote oxygen exchange around roots but tend to dry out faster than more solid materials.
Concrete containers are practical and frost-resistant but heavy, making them suitable for large, permanent installations.
Regardless of the material, make sure you have a drainage hole at the bottom of your container. Proper drainage ensures water reaches the bottom while preventing root rot from excess moisture.
Avoid using potshards or gravel to cover the hole, as it hinders drainage and takes up valuable soil space. Instead, use window screening or a coffee filter to cover the hole, keeping soil in while allowing excess water to escape.
Additionally, numerous household items can be repurposed as containers, such as colanders, baskets, or old boots. Some may require a clear plastic lining for practicality. Remember to create drainage holes at the bottom and trim the top edge appropriately.
Aesthetically, your garden should reflect your preferences and your plants’ needs. However, a more unified and cohesive appearance can be achieved by limiting the variety of container materials and design styles you use.